Explore Facts about Hispanic Culture and History
Have a look on wide rage hispanic cultural aspects & facts to understand ancient history & heritage, language, foods, regions, traditions and customs.
What does the term Hispanic Culture refer to? Hispania was the old name for the area of Spain, Portugal, Andorra and a little bit of France. Hispanic, term was used to indicate a relationship to ancient Hispania, the Roman name of the Iberian Peninsula. Hispanic or Latino culture encompasses the traditions, language, idioms, religious beliefs and practices, legends, arts, music, literature, cuisine, history, social and family values & facts of the Hispanic culture people. Today’s Hispanic cultures are those which were once ruled by the Spanish Empire. This includes Spain, Mexico, Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Columbia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela, Cuba, the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico.
Hispanic Cultural and Historical Facts
Browse the listed Hispanic cultural facts and information:
- It is the most important facts about Hispanic culture. Sept. 15 was chosen as the starting point for the celebration of Hispanic Heritage Month because it is the anniversary of independence of five Latin American countries: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. In addition, Mexico and Chile celebrate their independence days on Sept. 16 and Sept. 18.
- As America’s largest growing ethnic group, about 60 percent of people of Hispanic descent have type O blood compared to 45 percent of Caucasians and 50 percent of African Americans. Type O is the blood hospitals need most.
- The family, is the most important social unit. The concept of nuclear families is not very common among Hispanics, and extended families are considered a part of the actual family unit. The term used for this joint family unit, is familia. The father acts as the head of family, while the mother is expected to give priority to household matters. This scenario holds true for most Hispanic families, and not all of them.
- Every individual is taught moral responsibility from a young age and this responsibility extends to everyone in the familia.
- All the important events and festivals are celebrated together by the family. These festivals are sometimes given more importance than even family functions.
- Hispanic communities think it’s very important for children to learn qualities such as honor, good manners, etiquette in front of elders, etc. Children are pampered and hardly ever do parents resort to spanking. Children are taught from a very early age, the importance of going to church and the binding with one’s community. All these things help a child to identify with his ethnicity when he’s growing up.
- A very important aspect & fact of the Hispanic culture, is the use of Spanish language. Communities speak in Spanish at home and at social gatherings as well. Preserving their language is of utmost importance to the Hispanics.
- Hispanic communities, much like most communities in Spain, follow certain codes of conduct while socializing. The men greet each other with a firm handshake while the women greet each other with a hug and a peck on the cheeks. The same etiquette is followed while taking leave.
- While socializing, it is expected that you turn up in formal attire. This rule can be relaxed for certain events. However, it must be strictly followed when you’re visiting the church or a wedding.
- Religion has always been taken seriously among Hispanics. It is said that more than 90% of Spanish-speaking people are Roman Catholics. Other faiths are now slowly taking roots in the Hispanic community.
- It is a faithful fact Hispanic culture facts that each local community will celebrate its respective Patron Saint’s Day. Other important festivals (las fiestas) celebrated by Hispanics include Christmas, New Year’s Day, Three Kings’ Day and Easter. National holidays are called fiesta nacional. Apart from these, each country celebrates El Dia de Independencia, the day it gained independence.
Hispanic Heritage Month
Hispanic Heritage Month begins with a history lesson. It is not by accident that the month starts on the 15th day of September, rather than, more conventionally, on the first. Sept. 15 is independence day in five Spanish-speaking nations: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. (Mexico and Chile also celebrate the anniversaries of their independence from Spain during this month, on Sept. 16 and Sept. 18, respectively.) When Hispanic Heritage Week was initiated in 1968, Congress required that the week would always include Sept. 15. Twenty years later, when the commemoration was expanded to a full month, the dates were fixed as Sept. 15 – Oct. 15 to help fix attention on an important date in the history of Hispanic America.
Hispanic Holidays, Festivals, Events, Celebrations and Customs
Latino culture is rich in holidays and traditions. Some are more traditional than others, but they all help keep our culture alive. Hispanic holidays also give us the opportunity to deepen our connection with family, friends and community. And, many would say, they give us the perfect excuse to party. There are amny religious celebrations according to traditions and cutoms. The different “Hispanic cultures” share many things in common, including these religious observances. Like in many other cultures – Christmas, Navidad is one of the most important religious celebrations among Hispanics. La Semana Santa is a Holy Week. This is another important and deeply religious Hispanic holiday. The Holy Week is the last week of Lent and the week before Easter. There are some popular dates celebrated by Hispanics. Some celebrations are observed only in the United States, like the Hispanic Heritage Month. May 1 – Día del Trabajo, May 5 – Cinco de Mayo, May – Día de las Madres and Sep 15 – Oct 15 – Hispanic Heritage Month.
Each Hispanic country has famous local dishes but there are a few that are recognized around the world. Some of these don’t even require cooking. In ceviche fish is covered in lemon or lime juice and the acid in the juice makes it ready to eat.
Traditional Hispanic clothing is brightly colored. It was almost always made of woven fabrics, sometimes with patterns woven right into it. Wealthy people were able to make their clothes from silks and satins, and some men wore capes on their shoulders and sashes like belts. Sometimes wealthy people even used gold and silver thread in their clothes.